Clockwise from top: Udayagiri and Khandagiri Jain Caves; Mahanadi river; Chilka Lake; Carvings at Sun Temple of Konarka.
|Coordinates (Bhubaneswar): 20°16′N 85°49′E / 20.27°N 85.82°ECoordinates: 20°16′N 85°49′E / 20.27°N 85.82°E|
|Statehood||1 April 1936 |
| • Body||Government of Odisha|
| • Governor||Ganeshi Lal|
| • Chief Minister||Naveen Patnaik (BJD)|
| • Legislature||Unicameral (147 seats)|
| • Parliamentary constituency||21 Lok Sabha; |
10 Rajya Sabha
| • High Court||Orissa High Court, Cuttack, Odisha|
| • Total||155,707 km2 (60,119 sq mi)|
| • Total||45,989,232|
| • Rank||11th|
| • Density||300/km2 (760/sq mi)|
| • Total||₹4.16 lakh crore (US$60 billion)|
| • Per capita||₹80,991 (US$1,200)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-OR|
|HDI|| 0.580 (medium)|
|HDI rank||25th (2015)|
|Symbols of Odisha|
|Song||Bande Utkala Janani|
Indian Fig tree
Odisha (/əˈdɪsə/, /ɒˈrɪsə, ɔː-, oʊ-/;, pronounced [oɽɪˈsaː] (listen); formerly known as Orissa) is one of the 28 states of India. Located in eastern India, it is surrounded by the states of West Bengal to the northeast, Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and northwest, and Andhra Pradesh to the south. Odisha has 485 kilometres (301 mi) of coastline along the Bay of Bengal on its east, from Balasore to Ganjam. It is the 9th largest state by area, and the 11th largest by population. The state also has the third largest population of Scheduled Tribes in India. Odia is the official and most widely spoken language, spoken by 36.6 million according to the 2016 Census.
The ancient kingdom of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka in 261 BCE resulting in the Kalinga War, coincides with the borders of modern-day Odisha. The modern state of Odisha was established on 1 April 1936, as a province in British India, and consisted predominantly of Odia-speaking regions. 1 April is celebrated as Utkala Dibasa. The region is also known as Utkala and is mentioned in India's national anthem, "Jana Gana Mana". Cuttack was made the capital of the region by Anantavarman Chodaganga in c. 1135, after which the city was used as the capital by many rulers, through the British era until 1948. Thereafter, Bhubaneswar became the capital of Odisha.
The economy of Odisha is the 16th-largest state economy in India with ₹4.16 lakh crore (US$60 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹81,000 (US$1,200). Odisha ranks 25th among Indian states in human development index.